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Σάββατο, 29 Σεπτεμβρίου 2007

CYPRIOT MARONITE ARABIC: AN ENDANGERED LANGUAGE - PART 1

Probably the most divergent of all Arabic varieties is Cypriot Maronite Arabic, still spoken by 130 Maronites in Kormatiki, 100 in Limassol and 60 in the rest of Maronite community in Cyprus. Kormakitis is one of the 4 Maronite villages in the mountains of northern Cyprus. Maronites also live in refugee communities in Nicosia and Limassol.
A Semitic dialect, Cypriot Maronite Arabic is closely related to Maltese and Anatolian Arabic, and arrived in Cyprus with the migration of Maronites in the 8th century and again in the 10th century. Cypriot Arabic is largely adaptive to its environment and is infused with Greek, Turkish, French and Italian influences, since its speakers have been in contact with these other languages throughout its history. Today, as victims of assimilation to the Greek Cypriot community and the division of the island, the language of Cypriot Maronites has now been classed by the United Nations as seriously endangered. By the next generation it will have become extinct unless there are joints efforts by Greek and Turkish Cypriots to save it.

2 σχόλια:

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    Ale3andra.

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