The Lebanese traditional men's costume is very similar that of the traditional men's costume of Cyprus. It is the very full trousers popularly called baggy pants. The baggy pants in Cyprus is called vraka and in Lebanon is called sharwal. It was very common and was worn both among villagers and mountain people. The sharwal was made of black serge. However in the summer the sherwal could be of light colored material although many used to wear the black outfit all year around. As in Cyprus, the richer the wearer the wider was his sherwal and the more fullness it contained to pleat in at the waist. The difference between the Cypriot vraka and the Lebanese sherwal is that the sherwal of the Lebanese man is recognized by its fitted legs from the knees down where the vraka is cut at the knees. In some parts of Lebanon the sherwals continued some of the fullness to the ankle.
In Lebanon a headdress was the surest clue to the sect and religion of its wearer. It also gave an idea of the part of the country the person come from or the community in which he lived. The Christian mountaineer of North Lebanon, for instance, used to wear a high conical cap called labbate made from felted camel's hair. Around his labbade he used to wrap a black kaffia and sometimes an agal. The labbade is a very ancient headdress of ordinary country people. Scholars believe it may have been worn as long ago as Phoenician times. Small Phoenician statues dug up in Lebanon show this same style of conical cap. With the Ottoman conquest the Fez was introduced in Lebanon the same way it was introduced in Cyprus. In Ottoman Lebanon, the Fez was adopted in the cities and towns and gradually replaced the small local urban cap called taqiah. Even the the villages, men sometimes substituted the red fez for the labbade.
Another article of traditional dress in Lebanon is the kubran which in Cyprus is known as fermeli. Originally the kubran was a long sleeved jacket worn over the vest but gradually only the brief vest -or the gileko as is known in Cyprus, remained in the everyday costume. The jacket is of Balkan origin and it was also worn in Greece. Originally, it was worn by the Mameluks in the early 19th century. Until 1850 it was worn mostly by townspeople. After that is was adopted also by mountaineers. The kubran had been always an ornamental garment and traditionally was made of velvet embroidered with gold or silver thread, or of brocade. The seams were usually outlined with braid.
The kubrans were later adapted in the form of a brocade vest richly braided down the front and fastened with a solid row of braid-covered buttons. The kubran in Lebanon was a garment worn by both men and women but differently cut. The traditional Lebanese men's shirt was striped and made of silk and had only a narrow band collar.