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Τετάρτη, 2 Ιουλίου 2008

ΦΩΤΗΣ ΚΟΝΤΟΓΛΟΥ: Ο ΜΕΓΑΛΟΣ ΔΑΣΚΑΛΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΟΥ ΓΕΝΟΥΣ - PHOTIS KONTOGLOU: THE GREAT MASTER OF THE GREEK NATION

Ο Φώτης Κόντογλου, κατά κοινή ομολογία, είναι ένας από τους μεγάλους Δάσκαλους του Ελληνικού Γένους. Με όλο το λογοτεχνικό του έργο, αλλά και με την ίδια του τη ζωή, φωταγωγεί το νόημα της εθνικής και θρησκευτικής Παράδοσης τον Ελλήνων. Προβάλλει το περιεχόμενο της με μια θαυμαστή ενάργεια και μια φλογερή πειθώ, που αποτείνονται στο νου και την καρδιά.
Ότι προήλθε από τα ευλογημένα γραπτά του, δεν έχει μόνο αισθητική αξία, αλλά και χυμούς αγνά ελληνικούς. Τα κείμενα του και το συνταιριασμένο με το συγγραφικό του ύφος, ήθος του βίου του, είναι "πηγή ζωής'' για μας τους 'Ελληνες.
Για αυτόν, μπορούμε να πούμε πως είναι μια μορφή πολύ κοντινή πνευματικά κι εφάμιλλη σε φεγγοβολία με τον Μακρυγίαννη και τον Αλέξανδρο Παπαδιαμάντη. Πως είναι δηλαδή, κυρίως μέσα από την αγάπη του προς την Ορθοδοξία, ένας από τους πιο δυνατούς ερμηνευτές του πνευματικού καημού για ότι συνιστά την ελληνική ψυχή κι ότι την εκφράζει γνήσια, με ομορφιά κι αλήθεια.

ΤΑ ΕΡΓΑ ΤΟΥ ΦΩΤΗ ΚΟΝΤΟΓΛΟΥ

1922 PEDRO CASAS
1923 ΒΑΣΑΝΤΑ
1923 Η ΤΕΧΝΗ ΤΟΥ ΑΘΩ
1928 ΤΑΞΕΙΔΙΑ ΣΕ ΔΙΑΦΟΡΑ ΜΕΡΗ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΗΣ ΑΝΑΤΟΛΗΣ
1932 ICONES ET FRESQUES D'ART BYZANTINE
1933 ΤΟΙΧΟΓΡΑΦΙΑΙ ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΩΝ ΤΟΥ ΥΜΗΤΤΟΥ (Με τη συνεργασία Α. Ξυγγόπουλου). Και γαλλική έκδοση.
1934 Ο ΑΣΤΡΟΛΑΒΑΟΣ (με ζωγραφιές του ίδιου και του μαθητή του Γιάννη Τσαρούχη)
1936 ΛΕΥΚΩΜΑ ΒΥΖΑΝΤΙΝΩΝ ΣΧΕΔΙΩΝ (Με τη συνεργασία της Αγγελικής Χατζημιχάλη)
1942 ΦΗΜΙΣΜΕΝΟΙ ΑΝΤΡΕΣ ΚΑΙ ΛΗΣΜΟΝΗΜΕΝΟΙ
1943 Ο ΘΕΟΣ ΚΟΝΑΝΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΟ ΜΟΝΑΣΤΗΡΙ ΤΟΥ ΤΟ ΛΕΓΟΜΕΝΟ ΚΑΤΑΒΥΘΙΣΗ. ΤΑ ΔΑΙΜΟΝΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΦΡΥΓΙΑΣ. ΕΞ ΑΝΑΤΟΛΩΝ ΠΝΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΟΡΓΙΣΜΕΝΑ
1944 Ο ΚΟΥΡΣΑΡΟΣ ΠΕΔΡΟ ΚΑΖΑΣ
1944 ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΕΝΟΣ ΚΑΡΑΒΙΟΥ ΠΟΥ ΧΑΘΗΚΕ ΑΠΑΝΟΥ ΣΕ ΜΙΑ ΞΕΡΑ
1944 Ο ΜΥΣΤΙΚΟΣ ΚΗΠΟΣ
1944 Η ΑΦΡΙΚΗ ΚΙ ΟΙ ΘΑΛΑΣΣΕΣ ΤΗΣ ΝΟΤΙΑΣ
1944 ΕΛΛΗΝΕΣ ΘΑΛΑΣΣΙΝΟΙ ΣΤΙΣ ΘΑΛΑΣΣΕΣ ΤΗΣ ΝΟΤΙΑΣ
1944 ΙΣΤΟΡΙΕΣ ΚΑΙ ΠΕΡΙΣΤΑΤΙΚΑ
1945 ΟΙ ΑΡΧΑΙΟΙ ΑΝΘΡΩΠΟΙ ΤΗΣ ΑΝΑΤΟΛΗΣ
1947 ΒΙΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΟΣΙΟΥ ΠΑΤΡΟΣ ΗΜΩΝ ΑΓΙΟΥ ΜΑΡΚΟΥ ΤΟΥ ΑΝΑΧΩΡΗΤΟΥ ΕΞ ΑΘΗΝΩΝ
1947 ΒΙΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΒΛΑΣΙΟΥ ΠΑΣΚΑΛ ΤΟΥ ΔΙΑ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΝ ΣΑΛΟΥ
1949 ΑΝΘΟΣ, ΗΓΟΥΝ ΛΟΓΙΑ ΑΝΘΟΛΟΓΗΜΕΝΑ ΑΠΟ ΤΟΥΣ ΠΑΤΕΡΕΣ
1951 ΠΗΓΗ ΖΩΗΣ, ΗΓΟΥΝ ΛΟΓΟΙ ΤΩΝ ΘΕΟΦΟΡΩΝ ΠΑΤΕΡΩΝ ΕΞΗΓΗΜΕΝΟΙ
1952 ΛΕΩΝΙΔΑ ΟΥΣΠΕΝΣΚΗ: Η ΕΙΚΟΝΑ. Μετάφραση
1952 ΤΟ ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ ΑΓΙΟΝ ΕΥΑΓΓΕΛΙΟΝ ΕΞΗΓΗΜΕΝΟΝ ΤΟ ΚΑΤΑ ΔΥΝΑΜΙΝ ΔΙΑ ΤΟΥΣ ΑΠΛΟΥΣΤΕΡΟΥΣ
1953 ΘΡΗΣΚΕΥΤΙΚΟ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙ ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΥ ΤΟΥ ΠΑΛΑΙΟΛΟΓΟΥ
1953 ΕΙΚΟΝΕΣ ΤΗΣ ΠΑΝΑΓΙΑΣ
1955 ΒΙΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΑΓΙΟΥ ΕΝΔΟΞΟΥ ΙΕΡΟΜΑΡΤΥΡΟΣ ΘΕΡΑΠΟΝΤΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΘΑΥΜΑΤΟΥΡΓΟΥ
1956 Η ΛΕΙΤΟΥΡΓΙΚΗ ΤΕΧΝΗ Ή Η ΒΥΖΑΝΤΙΝΗ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗ
1957 Η ΑΓΙΑΣΜΕΝΗ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ
1958 ΟΡΗ ΑΓΙΑ
1960 ΒΙΒΛΟΣ ΚΑΛΟΥΜΕΝΗ ΕΚΦΡΑΣΙΣ, ΗΓΟΥΝ ΙΣΤΟΡΗΣΙΣ ΤΗΣ ΠΑΝΤΙΜΟΥ ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΟΥ ΑΓΙΟΓΡΑΦΙΑΣ, ΤΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΛΕΙΤΟΥΡΓΙΚΗΣ ΚΑΛΟΥΜΕΝΗΣ. Δύο τόμοι
1961 Η ΑΠΕΛΠΙΣΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΘΑΝΑΤΟΥ ΕΙΣ ΤΗΝ ΘΡΗΣΚ. ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΝ ΤΗΣ ΔΥΣΕΩΣ ΚΑΙ Η ΕΙΡΗΝΟΧΥΤΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΠΛΗΡΗΣ ΕΛΠΙΔΟΣ ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΟΣ ΕΙΚΟΝΟΓΡΑΦΙΑ
1961 ΟΙ ΑΓΙΟΙ ΡΑΦΑΗΛ ΚΑΙ ΝΙΚΟΛΑΟΣ ΚΑΙ Η ΕΙΚΟΝΑ ΤΟΥ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΥ ΟΠΟΥ ΕΥΡΕΘΗ ΕΙΣ ΤΗΝ ΚΑΡΥΑΝ ΤΗΣ ΘΕΡΜΗΣ (ΛΕΣΒΟΥ)
1962 ΣΗΜΕΙΟΝ ΜΕΓΑ, ΗΓΟΥΝ ΤΑ ΘΑΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΘΕΡΜΗΣ
1962 ΕΡΓΑ Α΄. ΤΟ ΑΪΒΑΛΙ, Η ΠΑΤΡΙΔΑ ΜΟΥ
1962 ΕΡΓΑ Β΄. ΑΔΑΜΑΣΤΕΣ ΨΥΧΕΣ
1963 ΕΡΓΑ Γ΄. Η ΠΟΝΕΜΕΝΗ ΡΩΜΙΟΣΥΝΗ
1964 ΤΙ ΕΙΝΑΙ Η ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΤΙ ΕΙΝΑΙ Ο ΠΑΠΙΣΜΟΣ. Και δεύτερη έκδοση τον ίδιο χρόνο με προσθήκη Προλόγου και Επιλόγου
1965 ΕΡΓΑ Δ΄. ΓΙΑΒΑΣ Ο ΘΑΛΑΣΣΙΝΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΛΛΕΣ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΕΣ
1967 ΕΡΓΑ΄. ΠΕΔΡΟ ΚΑΖΑΣ, ΒΑΣΑΝΤΑ ΚΙ ΑΛΛΕΣ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΕΣ
1967 Ο ΑΓ. ΜΑΡΚΟΣ Ο ΑΘΗΝΑΙΟΣ. Ο φιλόσοφος και αναχωρητής
1977 ΕΡΓΑ ΣΤ΄. ΜΥΣΤΙΚΑ ΑΝΘΗ, ΗΓΟΥΝ ΚΕΙΜΕΝΑ ΓΥΡΩ ΑΠΟ ΤΙΣ ΑΘΑΝΑΤΕΣ ΑΞΙΕΣ ΤΗΣ ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΗΣ ΖΩΗΣ
1978 ΘΑΛΑΣΣΕΣ, ΚΑΪΚΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΚΑΡΑΒΟΚΥΡΗΔΕ
Σ

Χωρίς χρονολογία

Η ΖΩΗ ΤΟΥ ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΥ ΠΑΛΑΙΟΛΟΓΟΥ
WHAT IS ORTHODOX ICONOGRAPHY ?


Αναφερόμενα από τον Φ.Κ.

ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΦΟΒΕΡΗ
ΓΙΑ ΝΑ ΠΑΡΟΥΜΕ ΜΙΑ ΙΔΕΑ ΑΠΟ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗ
Η ΜΕΛΑΓΧΟΛΙΑ ΤΩΝ ΠΑΛΑΙΟΛΟΓΩΝ
Η ΤΕΧΝΗ ΤΗΣ ΑΝΑΤΟΛΙΚΗΣ ΧΡΙΣΤΙΑΝΟΣΥΝΗΣ
Η ΡΩΜΕΪΚΗ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗ Η ΚΑΤΑΦΡΟΝΕΜΕΝΗ
Ο ΖΩΓΡΑΦΟΣ ΒΑΝ ΓΚΟΓΚ


Photis Kontoglou (1895-1965) is one of the greatest Greek figures of the 20th century. His writings and paintings have make an enormous influence on the psyche of the modern Greek nation. Fotis Kontoglou has been a multi talented personality. An exceptional artist and hagiographer and a rare writer. After his death he has left behind him a very rich amount of work and is now part of the heritage of the Greek people.
THE LIFE AND WORKS OF PHOTIS KONTOGLOU

1895 Photios Kontoglou was born on 8 November in Aivali in Asia
Minor (Kydonia). His parents were Nikolaos Apostolides and
Despoina Kontoglou, and his siblings: Ioannis, Anastasia,
and Antonis.

1896 His father dies. His mother’s brother—and Abbot of the
Holy Monastery of St. Paraskeve—, Stephanos Kontoglou
(whose name our author would take early on), assumes
responsibility for his upbringing, as well as for that of his
three siblings.

1911
Together with his fellow students, he publishes and
distributes a mimeograph edition of The Bee, with his own
sketches and ornamentation.

1912 He graduates from the historic high school of Aivali.

1913 He arrives in Athens to study at the School of Fine Arts,
where he is placed directly in the third year.

1914
He leaves both Athens and the School of Fine Arts and
goes to Spain and France.

1916
While in Paris, he paints and contributes to the journal
Illustration, by which he is awarded a prize for his illustration
of Knut Hamsun’s novel, Hunger.

1919
After the signing of the armistice, he returns to Aivali,
where he founds the spiritual society “New People” with his
friends.

1920
He is appointed professor of Art History and French at
Aivali’s old and renowned girls’ school. It is here that he
first publishes Pedro Cazas (writing “Paris” in the place of
publication, in order to inform us that the work was written
in the French capital before he returned to his native
homeland).

1921
He is conscripted in the army, but after a few months returns
to his position at the girls’ school.

1922
He puts on his first painting exhibition in Mytilene. He then
leaves for Athens, where he takes up residence. Impressed
by Pedro Cazas, the literary and artistic crowd welcomes him
with open arms and helps him through the first difficult
period. Publishes Pedro Cazas with H. Ganiares.

1923
He visits the Holy Mountain, where he writes and paints.
Returning to Athens, he publishes the first (undated)
edition of Vasanta. Puts on his first painting exhibition in
Athens. Publishes The Art of Athos with Ganiares; Angelos
Theodoropoulos helps him with the wood engravings.

1924
With some other friends of his, he publishes The Society
of Friends, a periodical for art and critical analysis. He is
married to Maria (nιe Hatzekamboure) in the Church of
St. Glykeria (in Galatsi, Athens).

1928
He publishes Travels, a descriptive account of what remains
from the Byzantine Era in various regions of Greece and
the East; the work would be reissued by “Astera” in 1978.

1931
He becomes the curator of Byzantine Icons at the Byzantine
Museum of Athens.

1933
He is appointed Professor of Art History and Painting at
the American College. His Frescos of the Byzantine Churches
of Hymettus is published by the Monasteries of St. John the
Theologian and Caesariane.

1934
He writes Astrolabe (“in the village of Prokopi, on the
island of Evia, in the month of July 1934”), which would be
printed the following year in Corfu and, in 1975, in Athens
(by “Astera”).

1935
He organizes the Byzantine Museum in Corfu. Paints the
frescos for the Church belonging to the Zaimes family in
Rio, outside of Patras.

1936
He works in Mystras, cleaning and preserving the Byzantine
frescos.

1937
He works in the Coptic Museum in Cairo.

1938
He begins the illustration (using Greek subjects) of the City
Hall of Athens. Paints the frescos for G. I. Pezmazoglou’s
Church (in Kifisia).

1940
He paints the frescos for the Church of the Life-Giving
Spring in Paiania (Liopesi).

1942
He publishes the book Famous and Forgotten Men.

1943
He paints frescos in Kapnikarea (Athens). Publishes
the book Conan the God and His Monastery, the So-Called
“Sinking.”

1944
He publishes the books The Tale of a Ship; Stories and
Circumstances; Africa and the South Seas; and the third
edition of Pedro Cazas. Decides to devote himself zealously
to the writing of traditional religious literature and prints
The Mystical Garden, “written and printed in the renowned
city of Athens.”

1945
He publishes the book The Ancient Peoples of the East.

1947
His book, Life and Conduct of Vlasios Paschal, the Fool-for-
Christ, is reprinted and released by “Nea Estia,” as well as
his book (handwritten and illustrated by the author), Life
and Asceticism of Our Holy Father Mark the Anchorite of
Athens.

1949
The book, Blossoms: An Anthology of Sayings of the Fathers, is
released.

1950
He begins the “Sunday Subjects” series with the Athens
journal Eleftheria, which would be continued until his
repose. Paints in the Church of Saint George, a chapel of
St Constantine (Omonia); in Saint Andrew (Kato Patesia),
and in St. Barbara (Aigaleo).

1951
He publishes the book The Source of Life: Words of the God-
Bearing Fathers explained according to one’s ability.”

1952
He issues (with Basil Moustakes as co-editor) The Ark, a
“tract of Orthodox teachings,” in which he publishes a large
number of articles and translations. Notable is “The Holy
Gospel According to St. Matthew,” which he would also
distribute independently with his own iconography, as well
as “Icons of the Panagia.” Translates and publishes the book
Icon by Leonid Ouspensky, a Russian painter friend of his
who was then living in Paris and teaching at the Orthodox
Institute of Paris.

1954
He begins the iconography of the Church of St. Haralampos
(in Polygonos, in the Field of Mars district).

1955
In Thessaloniki, he issues his small book, The Life and
Conduct of the Glorious Holy Martyr Therapon.

1956
He issues Liturgical Art: Or Byzantine Painting.

1957
He issues Sanctified Greece.

1958
He begins working on the frescos for the Churches of St.
Nicholas (Kato Patesia) and St. George (Kypseli). Issues the
book, The Holy Mountains.

1960
He is awarded the Academy of Athens Prize for his twovolume
work:Expressions of Orthodox Iconography. Is awarded
the [Cross of] Commander [of the Order] of Phoenix.

1961
He issues (in reprint) his small book Saints Raphael and
Nicholas and “The Hopelessness of Death in Western
Religious Art and the Peace-Bestowing and Profoundly
Hopeful Orthodox Iconography.”

1962
He issues his book A Great Sign, to wit, the Miracles of
Therme: The Splendid Apparition of the Holy Martyrs Raphael,
Nicholas, and Irene and Those Martyred With Them in 1462…,
and also the first and second volumes of his Works.

1963
While walking with his wife in Athens, he is injured by
a car, which drags them along quite a few meters. Issues
the third volume of his Works and is awarded the “Pourfina”
Prize by the [Council of the] Twelve [Apostles] for the first
volume of his Works.

1964
He issues (in two editions within the same year) his book
What is Orthodoxy and What is Papism.

1965
He issues the fourth volume of his Works. Is awarded the
National Prize for Art and Literature by the Academy of
Athens.

1965
On 13 July (New Calendar) he departs from this life. He is buried
in the First Cemetery of Athens, from which his bones are
later transferred to his beloved monastery in Nea Makri (on
Mt. Amomon).

Source: P.V. Paschou, Kontoglou. An introduction to his works of literature
with an anthology of his texts in the appendix (Athens: Ekdoseis “Armos,” 1991).

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